Natural Handmade Soap Glossary

Glossary of Ingredients/Terms

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Almond Oil, Sweet

Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil(Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis) Sweet Almond Oil is expressed from the nuts of the sweet almond tree. It is used as an emollient in skin creams and is also used to soften ear wax. The tree is native to SW Asia but is widely grown in warm regions for its nuts. They grow to an average height of 7 m; they have attractive pink flowers and are grown for ornament in cooler regions.

The oil is one of our favorite oils.  We use it in a variety of our products.  We also use Almond oil as a massage oil on that rare occasion that we actually slow down enough to recieve one.

 PHCH Products made with Almond oil:  Lip Butters, Salt Glows and Lotion Bars.

Allspice Powder

Pimenta Dioica (Allspice) Powder(Pimenta dioica) is from a myrtle tree most commonly found in Jamaica. It gets its name from the unique blend of cinnamon, cloves, nutmeg, and peppery aroma. Frequently used with cardamom, cinnamon, and/or green tea, Alspice powder is made from ground ripe or unripe fruits. Its primary use is in cooking, but it has medicinal uses as well. Gram for gram, the antioxidant content of allspice is greater than most other berries, fruits, and vegetables. Also, because it is rich in quercetin, Allspice assists in digestion and prevents belching, bloating, flatulence, and indigestion, as well as preventing alergies.

PHCH Products made with Allspice Powder:  Patchouli Clove Natural Soap Bar

Anise Star Essential Oil

Illicium Verum (Anise Star) Essential Oil

(Illicium Verum) A small to medium evergreen tree of the magnolia family, reaching up to 8m (26ft). The leaves are lanceolate and the axillary flowers are yellow. The fruits are harvested before they ripen, then sun dried. It is, as the name suggests, star shaped, radiating between five and ten pointed boat-shaped sections, about eight on average. These hard sections are seedpods. Tough skinned and rust colored, they measure up to 3cm (1-1/4”) long.

Anise Star Essential Oil has a very distinctive warm, spicy-sweet scent that is recognized by everyone as black licorice.  This essential oil has many uses but is especially recommended for being able to help aid in the healing of bronchitis, flu, and colds – naturally! By adding a couple of drops to a tablespoon of your carrier oil you can apply it topically to your body or put it in a diffuser so that you are able to breathe in this wonderfully warmly scented essential oil!  Anise Essential Oil is also an antiseptic, diuretic, and is often used in soaps, toothpaste, detergents, cosmetics, and perfumes.

PHCH Products made with Anise Essential Oil:  Knights Natural Soap Bar, Anise Essential Oil

Apricot Kernel Oil

Prunus armeniaca (Apricot)OilPrunus armeniaca (Apricot) oil is similar to almond oil and peach oil, both of which are also extracted from the kernels of the different fruits. Apricot oil is used in cosmetics to soften skin. It is sometimes used in the manufacture of soaps, cold creams and other preparations. Specifically, Apricot oil can be used to improve scalp skin conditions.

Avocado Oil

Persea Americana (Avocado) Oil(Persea americana) Oil from the pulp of the fruit of the avocado tree. It grows up to 18 m tall, native to Mexico and Central America but now extensively cultivated in Florida, California, and South Africa for its fruit. These fruits–actually called avocado pears–may reach a weight of 2 kg: they have a green to dark-purple skin, a fatty flesh rich in fat, protein, and vitamins A and B, and a single hard seed. The oil is used as a massage oil, in creams, lotions and hair products.

 

 

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Baking Soda

Sodium Bicarbonate (Baking Soda)(Sodium Bicarbonate) A white, crystalline powder. Soothing, water softening, effervescent, deodorizing, stimulating. Draws oils and impurities from the skin.

 

 

 

Basil Leaf

Ocimum Basilicum (Basil) Leaf(Ocimum basilicum) is a uniquely scented herb that is found in cuisines all over the world. Sweet Basil, most commonly used as a fragrance ingredient in perfumes, soaps, shampoos, and other body care products, has also been used in the Far East for centuries for a variety of bodily ailments. Because it is antibacterial, the crushed, dried Basil leaf powder and essential oil have been topically applied for centuries to cure head colds, warts, snake and insect bites, ear infections and much more.

 

Basil Essential Oil

Ocimum Basilicum (Basil) Essential Oil(Ocimum basilicum) comes from a tender, annual herb with erect stems that bear dark green leaves, and two-lipped, pinkish-white flowers that is grown primarily in Vietnam, USA, France, and Hungary. This strongly aromatic plant is classified as identical to French basil, though it is a larger plant and has a harsher scent. When the leaves or flowering plant are steam distilled, they emits a spicy, yellow or green colored essential oil that serves many purposes. A sacred plant in India for its ayurvedic medicine, Basil oil has been used as a strewing herb to reduce odors, and has many culinary applications. Also, it is used for abrasions, anxiety, bronchitis, colds, coughs, depression, flatulence, fatigue, infection, insect bites and repellant, sinus infection, and whooping cough. Basil should be avoided when pregnant and by those who suffer from epilepsy, and liver problems.

PHCH Products made with Basil Essential Oil:  Basil Essential Oil

Bay Rum Essential Oil

Pimenta Racemosa (Bay Rum) Essential Oil(Pimenta Racemosa) Bay is a wild-growing tropical evergreen tree with large, leathery leaves and aromatic fruits. It often grows together in groves and can grow up to 26 feet tall. Through steam distillation, Bay leaf’s dark yellow essential oil is used for a variety of purposes. The bay tree provides the basic ingredient for the famous old hair tonic, and is used for promoting hair growth, a dandruff rinse, and for greasy, lifeless hair. Also, it is helpful for coughs, infectious diseases, the flu, and muscular aches and pains. It has also been used extensively used in soaps, detergents, perfumes, aftershaves, and as a flavoring agent in alcoholic and soft drinks.

PHCH Products made with Bay Essential Oil:  Bay Rum Natural Soap Bar, Bay Rum Natural Lotion Bar

Beeswax

Natural BeeswaxA substance produced by bees to build honeycombs. It is collected by heating the honeycomb in water (after removing the honey) so that the floating wax can be separated after solidification when cool. Beeswax (melting point 61-69°C) is used to make candles, polishes, inks, cosmetics, and ointments. In cosmetics, it is used as a thickener, emulsifier and stiffening agent in creams, lotions, lipsticks, etc.

PHCH Products made with Beeswax: Lip Butters, Deodorants and Lotion Bars.

 

Bentonite Clay

Sodium Bentonite (Bentonite Clay)(Sodium Bentonite), also referred to as Montmorillonite, is sedimentary clay composed of weathered and aged volcanic ash, and is one of the most effective and powerful healing clays used to treat both external and internal maladies. As a clay poultice, mud pack or in skin care products, Benonite’s greatest power lies in its ability to absorb toxins, impurities, heavy metals and other contaminants. Internally it can be added to water or glazed upon food to help those with sensitive palates. Very fine and velvety, this light grey or off-white clay is odorless and does not stain.

 

Benzoin

Styrax benzoin(Benzoin)(Styrax benzoin) is a large, tropical tree with pale green citrus-like leaves that appear white underneath. They can grow to be 65 feet tall and bear flat, hard-shelled fruit. They are native to Asia, but its main regions of production are Sumatra, Java, and Malaysia. The crude grayish- brown Benzoin essential oil is collected directly from the tree and is produced in small quantities. It acts as an anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiseptic, astringent, deodorant, sedative, and has been used externally for cuts and chapped skin. It is beneficial for arthritis, gout, poor circulation, rheumatism, asthma, chills, bronchitis, coughs, flu, and nervous tension.

Bergamot Essential Oil

(Citrus Bergamia (Bergamot) Essential OilCitrus Bergamia) Bergamot is primarily grown in Italy, California, and other Mediterranean countries and resembles a small orange tree. Through cold expression, Bergamot’s light greenish-yellow essential oil is extracted from the peel of the small orange fruit that it bears. This fruit ripens from green to orange, and has been used as an Italian folk medicine for many years. Recent research has shown that Bergamot oil has a wide spectrum of applications, being particularly useful for mouth, skin, and respiratory and urinary tract infections. It is also helpful when treating an abscess, acne, anxiety, eczema, boils, bronchitis, carbuncles, cold sores, colds, colic, cystitis, depression, fevers, flatulence, halitosis, herpes, insect bites, intestinal parasites, nervous tension, oily complexion, psoriasis, sore throat, and varicose veins. Despite the fact that the bergamot fruit is inedible, the oil has many culinary and house hold uses. It has a long history of use in potpourri and perfumes for its spicy, citrusy, and floral scent.

PHCH Products made with Bergamot Essential Oil:  Bergamot Essential Oil

Birch Essential Oil

Betula Alba (Birch) Essential Oil(Betula alba) is a decorative, soft-wood tree with slender branches, silvery-white bark, and light green leaves. Found mainly throughout eastern Europe, Russia, Germany, and Sweden, its pale yellow crude tar is extracted by slow destructive distillation from the bark. However, recent research has shown that Birch tar can be easily harvested from dead or fallen trees while still retaining its wonderful properties. It is been used primarily for fevers, stomachache, lung ailments, and fever. It is a wonderful additive in cosmetics, ointments, and lotions for its skin-healing effects.

 

Black Walnut Hull Powder

Juglans Nigra (Black Walnut) Hulls(Juglans nigra) comes from a tree native to North America and exudes a sap that discourages growth of competing plants over their roots. Black walnut hulls contain vitamin C, zinc, and juglone, a chemical that is antibacterial, antiviral, antiparasitic, and a fungicide. As a skin wash, the powdered hulls are used to treat ringworm and yeast infections of the skin. Also, when taken internally, black walnut hulls can treat intestinal worms.

 

 

Borax

Sodium Borate (Borax)(Sodium borate) also known as desert salt. Excavated mainly in California – remember 20 Mule Team Borax? Natural preservative, water softener, deodorizer, and mild astringent with a weak antiseptic action. Soothing and freshening to hot, tired feet and itchy skin. In cosmetics it can be used along with beeswax to emulsify creams. In a purified form, it is also used in making glass and china.

 

 

Boron Nitride

Boron NitrideSimply Earth Mineral Foundations offers excellent adherence, a soft, silky feel and is specifically designed for subtle shimmer without opacity. This ingredient is responsible for all that. Boron Nitride is only used in high end mineral cosmetics and offers an amazing finish to any complexion.

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Calendula Flowers

Calendula Officinalis (Calendula) Flowers(Calendula officinalis) are annual flowers that are native to the northern Mediterranean countries. The Egyptians used them for their rejuvenating properties, and in the Hindu world, the flowers were used to adorn statues of gods in their temples. Originally added to food rather than used as an herb, Calendula adds flavor to cereals, rice, and soups. The dried and crushed petals can be added to salads, creams, teas, tinctures, infusions, compresses, and washes. They are also employed as a colorant in food, fabrics, and cosmetics, and to treat amenorrhea, conjunctivitis, fevers, cuts, scrapes, bruises, and burns.

 

Camphor Essential Oil

Camphor Essential Oil(Cinnamomum camphora) The camphor tree can grow up to 35 meters (100 feet) and camphor is found in every part of the tree. Camphor Essential Oil is extracted by steam from the chipped wood, root stumps and branches. It is then rectified under vacuum and filter-pressed. White camphor oil is the first distillation fraction.

Canola Oil

Canola Oil(Brassica napus) Canola is also known as rapeseed or lear oil and is a member of the mustard family. Rapeseed oil has actually been cultivated for over 4000 years and has recently (the last decade or so) become popular for being low in saturated fats. Its oleic acid content is nearly the same as olive oil. Canola oil contributes protein and moisturizing qualities in soap. If used alone, Canola oil would produce an extremely soft soap. Due to its similarities to Olive oil, Canola oil is a cost effective oil to use in soaping when balanced with other more expensive base oils.

PHCH Products made with Canola Oil: Natural Soap BarsHandmade Soap Bars

Castor Oil

Ricinus Communis (Castor) Oil(Ricinus communis) A pale-colored oil extracted from castor oil beans, the seeds of the castor-oil plant. The shrub is a flowering plant up to 12 m high, native to tropical Africa and Asia. It is cultivated widely in the tropics for its seeds, from which castor oil is extracted, and in temperate regions as an ornamental shrub (seldom taller than 2 m). The oil, when used in cosmetics, acts as a humectant; it attracts and retains moisture to the skin. It is also a thickener and an emollient. Medically, it is used as a laxative and industrially it is used as a drying oil in paints and varnishes.

PHCH Products made with Castor Oil: Natural Soap BarsHandmade Soap BarsDeodorants.

Cedarwood (Virginia)Essential Oil

Juniperus Virginiana (Cedarwood) Essential Oil(Juniperus virginiana) is a slow-growing, majestically statured, coniferous evergreen tree that can grow up to 108 feet tall. Native to North America, Cedarwood’s pale yellow or orange essential oil is stream distilled from the tree’s timber scraps, sawdust, and shavings. At one time, a superior oil was distilled from the red heartwood of trees that were over twenty-five years old. Cedarwood oil has many beneficial properties including antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, circulatory stimulant, diuretic, emmenagogue, expectorant, insecticide, and sedative. It has also been used for acne, dandruff, oily skin, eczema, arthritis, bronchitis, coughs, cystitis, insect repellant, nervous tension, psoriasis, respiratory congestion, rheumatism, sinusitis, and stress.

Chamomile Essential Oil

Matricaria recutita (Chamomile) Essential Oil(Matricaria recutita) is native to Eastern Europe and is now found across the globe. A relative of the sunflower and a member of the Ragweed family, it is vastly abundant in Hungary, Croatia, and Serbia. Chamomile was used as a medicine by the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans for its exceptionally high content of essential oil. A great deal of research has confirmed the plant’s usefulness in treating minor abrasions, cuts, and scrapes, and as a sedative and sleep aid. The traditional use of Chamomile tea is to induce a deep sleep, an effect confirmed in a study of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Since it contains anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, and antiparasitic chemicals, Chamomile helps calm spasms in the smooth muscles lining the stomach and intestines. In the US, Chamomile is one of the most widely used herbal ingredients in teas, cosmetic, health, and beauty aid products. Somewhere between 750,000 and one million pounds of Chamomile is imported into the US each year, with an estimated 90% used in teas.

Chamomile Flower Powder

Matricaria recutita (Chamomile) Flower Powder(Matricaria recutita) is native to Eastern Europe and is now found across the globe. A relative of the sunflower and a member of the Ragweed family, it is vastly abundant in Hungary, Croatia, and Serbia. Chamomile was used as a medicine by the Egyptians, Greeks, and Romans for its exceptionally high content of essential oil. A great deal of research has confirmed the plant’s usefulness in treating minor abrasions, cuts, and scrapes, and as a sedative and sleep aid. The traditional use of Chamomile tea is to induce a deep sleep, an effect confirmed in a study of patients undergoing cardiac catheterization. Since it contains anti-inflammatory, antibacterial, antiviral, and antiparasitic chemicals, Chamomile helps calm spasms in the smooth muscles lining the stomach and intestines. In the US, Chamomile is one of the most widely used herbal ingredients in teas, cosmetic, health, and beauty aid products. Somewhere between 750,000 and one million pounds of Chamomile is imported into the US each year, with an estimated 90% used in teas.

China Clay

Kaolin Clay(White China Clay)(also called “kaolin clay” or “fine white clay”) One of the purest clays, comprising a white powdery material arising from the decomposition of feldspar in granite. It is composed mainly of kaolin, the main constituent of which is kaolinite. The texture is very fine and it is naturally absorbent. It is used in cosmetics in face and body powders, liquid powders, and makeup. Recommended for all skin types, especially sensitive and dry. Known first in China and worked in Cornwall, UK, since 1746, china clay has long been used in the manufacture of fine porcelain. France and several places in the USA are other sources. It is also used as a filler in paint and paper-making, and in plastics and fertilizers.

Cinnamon Bark

Cinnamomum verum(Cinnamon) Bark(Cinnamomum verum) has been used as a traditional treatment for chronic diarrhea, colds, kidney trouble, abdominal and heart pains, hypertension, and even cancer in both Eastern and Western medicine for over a thousand years. When the dried bark and chips are ground into a fine powder, they have a great number of beneficial properties. Cinnamon is one of the most recognizable of flavors in the world, and is used as a flavoring agent in many foods, as well as in teas, alcoholic beverages, extracts, and tinctures. It can also be found in many pharmaceutical for its many helpful effects on the digestive tract, as well as cosmetic products for its antioxidant catechins, which are helpful for fighting bacterial, fungal, and parasitic infections.

Cinnamon Leaf Essential Oil

Cinnamomum verum (Cinnamon) Leaf Essential Oil(Cinnamomum verum) is a tropical evergreen with strong branches covered in thick bark, small white flowers, and bluish-white berries. Primarily grown in Sri Lanka, India, and Madagascar, their shiny green leaves are steam distilled and emit a yellowish-brown essential oil that has many uses. Cinnamon leaf oil has been used for culinary and medicinal purposes including arthritis, bruises, colds, cough, diarrhea, flatulence, infection, insect bites, nervous exhaustion, rheumatism, slow circulation, sore muscles, stomach cramps, stress, and toothache. Cinnamon is a good addition to a blend for disinfecting the air, and should be avoided by pregnant women because it may cause skin irritation.

Clary Sage Essential Oil

Salvia sclarea (Clary Sage) Essential Oil(Salvia sclarea) is a stout biennial or perennial herb with large, hairy leaves, and small blue flowers that can grow to 3 feet tall. Largely produced in the USA, France, and Bulgaria, Sage essential oil is steam distilled from the flowering tops and leaves of the plant. It has a musky, floral scent and has an extensive history in perfumery. It is beneficial for healing acne, amenorrhea, boils, constipation, flatulence, convulsions, cramps, dandruff, depression, dyspepsia, excessive perspiration, infection, inflamed skin, leucorrhoea, muscular aches and pains, nervous fatigue, oily skin and hair. Clary sage is a good addition to a bath for many reasons. The antispasmodic actions may help with headaches and migraines. This action, along with the emmenagogue property, support the reproductive system and may relieve painful menstruation, and the nervine and sedative actions are helpful for relaxation.

Clove Bud Essential Oil

Eugenia aromaticum (Clove Bud) Essential Oil(Eugenia aromaticum) is a slender evergreen tree with a smooth, grey trunk with large, paired leaves. At the beginning of rainy season, long buds appear with a rosy-pink corolla at the tip. After these have faded, the calyx turns deep red, taken from the tree and sold. Believed to be native to Indonesia, they are now grown worldwide but mainly in Sri Lanka, Madagascar, and Indonesia today. Their flower buds can be steam distilled and their essential oil can be used for a variety of purposes including asthma, chest infections, colic, diarrhea, exhaustion, flu, flatulence, indigestion, insect repellent, muscle pain, nausea, ringworm, scabies, sprains, stale breath, toothache, ulcers, wounds. Clove oil is high in eugenol which makes it useful for toothaches, and has a long history in Chinese medicine. The anti-inflammatory action of this oil helps with insect bites and reduces the swelling, and will darken or thicken with age and exposure to air. Pregnant women and those with liver and kidney conditions should avoid this oil. It also may cause skin irritation.

Cocoa Butter

Cocoa Butter(Theobroma cacao) A pale yellow fat obtained from dried and naturally fermented cocoa beans. The beans grow on a small, spreading, evergreen tree which grows up to 8 m (26 feet) tall. Originally from the South and Central American rain forests, it is now cultivated principally in Ghana, Nigeria, and Côte d’Ivoire (Ivory Coast). Fifty to sixty percent of the cocoa bean consists of cocoa butter, which is used as a base for chocolate manufacture. The residue, after extraction of the butter, is used to make cocoa powder. In cosmetics, it is used as an ointment base, emollient, skin softener and protectant. It is moisturizing; it lays down a protective layer that holds moisture to the skin making it a good skin softener. It has a slight scent of chocolate.

PHCH Products made with Cocoa Butter: Lip Butters, Deodorants and Lotion Bars.

Coconut Oil

Coconut Oil(Cocos Nucifera) Oil obtained from the fruit of the coconut palm, (Cocos nucifera) one of the most important tropical crops. The tree has a slender trunk, up to 25 m high, which bears a crown of giant feather-like leaves. The coconuts, 30-45 cm long and 15-20 cm in diameter, take a year to ripen and have a thick fibrous husk surrounding a single-seeded nut. The hollow core contains coconut milk; the white kernel is eaten raw or dried to yield copra. Copra is produced from the white, oil-rich (60-65 per cent) kernel of the coconut palm. Cup copra is produced when freshly harvested nuts are split open and either sun-dried or kiln-dried. It is then pressed to yield the coconut oil. The major producers are the Philippines and Indonesia; lesser amounts come from India, Sri Lanka, and Mexico. Coconut oil is used in the manufacture of soaps, cooking fats, and margarine. It is a preferred oil in soaps because it helps produce a hard bar which has a quick, fluffy lather, even in cold or salt water. Coconut oil is an emollient and is moisturizing, conditioning and protecting to the skin, although large quantities can sometimes be drying.

PHCH Products made with Coconut Oil: Natural Soap BarsHandmade Soap BarsLip ButtersDeodorants and Lotion Bars.

Coffee Grounds

Coffea arabica (Coffee Bean) Grounds(Coffea arabica) are made from the ground up coffee beans from the coffee tree that produces approximately 70% of the world’s coffee. The beans, originally cultivated in Brazil, have many other uses aside from just providing an energizing drink. Normally tossed aside in the trash, Coffee grounds are rarely known for their many beneficial uses. They can be used for gardening, repelling insects, deodorizing, skin exfoliation, hair shining solution, a color ingredient, scratch remover, and even pet grooming products. Also, the seeds can be cold pressed to produce a rich, dark essential oil which can be used for a variety of purposes as well. It is considered to be an excellent anti-oxidant, and a combatant for depression, respiratory issues, stings, fevers, and general nausea.Coffee Essential Oil should be avoided during pregnancy. It may also cause heart palpitations in some individuals.

Comfrey Root Powder

Symphytum officinale (Comfrey) Root(Symphytum officinale) has been said to be one of the most widely used herbs throughout history for healing purposes. Used both externally and internally for at least a 1,000 years,Comfrey Root Powder is useful for treating wounds, poison oak and its recover time, bruises, muscle pulls, sprains, and swelling. This powder can also be added to milk baths, bath teas, and healing balms. Throughout the centuries, it remains one of the most skin healing herbs in herbal medicine.

Cornstarch

Corn Starch(Zea Mays) Derived from dried corn kernels. Absorbs water, soothing to the skin. It is the primary ingredient in commercial baby powders. Cornstarch can cause allergic reactions in people who are sensitive or allergic to corn or corn products.

PHCH Products made with Corn Starch: Deodorants and Lotion Bars.

 

Cypress Essential Oil

Cupressus sempervirens (Cypress) Essential Oil(Cupressus sempervirens) is a tall evergreen that bears small flowers, brown and grey cones and nuts on slender branches. Primarily grown in Spain, France, and Morocco, Cypress essential oil has been highly valued as a medicine and incense by ancient civilizations. Cypress trees were planted outside of Greek and Roman temples and burial grounds. Also, the Chinese found the nuts to be rich in nutrition and beneficial for the liver and respiratory system. They used the steam distilled pale yellow Cypress essential oil for treating bronchitis, cellulite, cough, dysmenorrhea, fluid retention, insect bites and repellant, menopause, rheumatism, oily skin, stress, swelling, and wounds. The anti-inflammatory and antispasmodic properties of cypress support asthma when inhaled and can also be used around the house as a substitute for pine oil.

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Emu Oil

Emu OilEmu oil is a completely safe, 100% natural moisturizer and pain reliever. Emu oil is used in skin care and beauty products for the body, skin, nails, and hair; in pet products to reduce itchy skin from fleabites and to make a dull coat shine. Most importantly, emu oil can be used alone or combined with other ingredients to relieve pain. Emu oil contains no steroids or hormones, and is known for its normalizing abilities-it can slow down an over-performing body function or speed up one that is not performing well enough.

Essential Oils

Essential OilsPure plant distillates and extracts derived from the flowers, leaves, stems, berries, rinds, resins, or roots of plants. These oils are the essence of the plant’s smell; they make the plant smell the way it does. Essential oils have long been used in folk medicine and aromatherapy for their many healing qualities.

 

 

Eucalyptus Essential Oil

Eucalyptus globulus (Eucalyptus) Essential Oil(Eucalyptus globulus) is a beautifully tall evergreen tree with bluish-green leaves and creamy white flowers that usually cover the pale grey bark with white powder. One of hundreds of species of Eucalyptus, they are largely grown in Australia, Brazil, and Spain. Colorless essential oil is extracted through steam distillation from the leaves and twigs, and can be used in many ways. One of the oldest native medicines used in Australia, it is known now for its use in inhalants and vapor rubs, and as a household disinfectant and cleaner. Also it has many beneficial properties including analgesic, antibacterial, antifungal, antineuralgic, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, decongestant, deodorant, depurative, diuretic, expectorant, febrifuge, stimulant, vermifuge, and vulnerary. It is also helpful for asthma, blisters, bruises, burns, candida, catarrh, cystitis, chills, colds, cough, fever, headache, bronchitis, influenza, insect bites, lack of concentration, measles, mental exhaustion, muscular aches and pains, neuralgia, skin infections, skin ulcers, slow circulation, sore throats, sprains, throat infections, viral infections, and wounds.

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Fir Needle Essential Oil

Abies siberica (Fir Needle) Essential Oil(Abies siberica) comes from the Pinus type tree which grows in wide areas of Russia. Extracted from the needles of small, coniferous trees (commonly used at Christmastime) this essential oil has a strong, woody scent and is nearly colorless. From the earliest times, the Fir Needle is thought by people as a forest healer. The natives used the crushed needles in poultices to heal wounds and infections. The needles were also boiled and eaten since it was believed to assist with respiratory troubles. Fir Needle Essential Oil is reported to help with arthritis, bronchitis, colds, coughs, flu, muscle aches, rheumatism and sinusitis. To take advantage of the analgesic properties of the oil, Fir needle can be added to a massage oil or cream for sore muscles. The same oil or cream may be rubbed on the chest to ease coughs or asthma. It is a popular oil that is often used to bring out masculine, outdoorsy attributes in men’s fragrances, bath preparations, air fresheners, herbal oils, soaps, and shaving creams. Although it is non-toxic and non-sensitizing, it may cause skin irritation and should be avoided by pregnant women.

Flavor Oil

Natural Flavor OilNatural Flavor Oils are the essential oil, oleoresin, essence or extractive, protein hydrolysate, distillate, or any product of roasting, heating or enzymolysis, which contains the flavoring constituents derived from a spice, fruit or fruit juice, vegetable or vegetable juice, edible yeast, herb, bark, bud, root, leaf or similar plant material whose significant function in food is flavoring rather than nutritional.”

 

 

Fragrance Oil

Premium FragranceA premium blend of synthetic and/or natural ingredients creating a specific fragrance.

PHCH Products made with Fragrance: Handmade Soap BarsHandmade Lotion Bars, Handmade Salt Glows, Handmade Dead Sea Bath Salts .

 

 

Frankincense Essential Oil

Boswellia carterii (Frankincense) Essential Oil(Boswellia carterii) is a small, handsome tree or shrub with full, pinnate leaves and white or pale pink flowers. Native to the Red Sea region, they grow wildly throughout north-east Africa, India, and Europe. From the resin of the Frankincense plant, the essential oil is extracted by steam distillation and has many uses. It has a long history acting as an expensive incense. It was burned by the Egyptians and is used in many religious ceremonies. Traditionally it has also been used for skin ailments from acne to wound healing. Also, it is helpful for calming anxiety, asthma, blemishes, bronchitis, colds, coughs, dry skin, flu, nervousness, rheumatism, scars, skin ailments, stress, ulcers, urinary tract infections, and wrinkles. To take advantage of some of the skin healing properties of this oil it may be added to skin creams or toners. Frankincense has many other names that it is known as. Most commonly you will see it as frankincense, olibanum, or boswellia.

Frankincense Tears Powder

Boswellia carterii (Frankincense) Tears Powder(Boswellia carterii) has been known for its healing powers for thousands of years. There are over 52 references to it in the Bible, Egyptian records report much usage of it in cosmetics, perfumes and as an embalming agent, and the Chinese used it as part of a treatment for leprosy. The resin is obtained by making deep, lengthwise cuts in the trunk of the tree, and below this incision a narrow strip of bark is peeled off allowing the sap to run out. As it touches air it begins to harden, and approximately three months later the hardened sap will become yellow “tears”. Powdered Frankincense added to water, tincture, and very rarely in tea, can be useful for treating arthritis and muscle pain. Often described as a stimulant, it is traditionally used to treat coughs, asthma, bronchitis, and the flu.

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Geranium (Rose) Essential Oil

Pelargonium graveolens (Geranium) Essential Oil(Pelargonium graveolens) is a hairy perennial shrub that can grow up to 1 meter high. The leaves are covered with long, soft hairs of variable density. Indigenous to South Africa, Geranium’s pink flowers bloom from September to October. The leaves and stalks are used for extraction, and its pale yellow oil is obtained through steam distillation. As one of the few oils with the ability to both uplift and sedate, Rose Geranium works profoundly on the emotions. It works wonders in skincare remedies as well, and can be used to help in the treatment of the following: acne, bruises, burns, cuts, dermatitis, eczema, hemorrhoids, lice, mosquito repellent, ringworm, ulcers, edema, poor circulation, sore throat, tonsillitis, PMS, menopausal problems, stress and neuralgia. It can be used to remedy digestive ailments, kidney and bladder disorders and has traditionally been considered as an astringent. Furthermore, Geranium leaves can be used in jams and jellies, and the oil can be used in baking. Just a couple of drops added to sugar cookies will fill the entire house with aroma.

Glycerin

Vegetable GlycerineAlso called glycerol. A colorless sweet viscous liquid derived from vegetable fats. It is a by-product of the soap-making process, which separates the glycerin from the fatty acids in the whole oil. The naturally-occurring glycerin stays in handmade soaps, but is usually removed from commercial soaps. Glycerin is used in foods, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals. It is also used in cryoprotectants, explosives and other industrial products. In cosmetics, it is valued because of its emollient and humectant qualities.

Ginger Powder

Zingiber officinale (Ginger) Powder(Zingiber officinale) is the most widely used and available herbal remedy on the planet, with billions of people using it every day as both food and medicine. A tropical perennial growing to a height of two feet, Ginger is used either fresh or dried in nearly two thirds of all traditional Chinese and Japanese herbal formulas. Fresh ginger is used to relieve dryness and heat, while dried ginger is used to relieve dampness and chill. Chopped ginger is used to treat “wetter” conditions, such as treating or preventing infections, while powdered ginger is used to treat “drier” conditions, such as allergy, asthma. An age-old remedy for morning sickness, scientists have found recent evidence to support Ginger’s wide range of medicinal actions. These actions include the lowering of cholesterol levels, relief for allergies and asthma, arthritis, colds, and nausea; and protecting the digestive tract and liver against toxins and parasites.

Ginger Essential Oil

Zingiber officinale (Ginger) Essential Oil(Zingiber officinale) is made from a perennial herb with thick, spreading, tuberous roots. Each year it sends up a green reed-like stalk with narrow, spear-shaped leaves and white or yellow flowers. Native to Asia and now extensively cultivated all over the tropics, these plants are one of several varieties that all produce oils with slight variations. After their roots are steam distilled, the pale yellow, amber, or greenish essential oil can be used in many ways. Ginger is widely used in the food industry. Medicinally it has been used for ailments of the digestive system. It also has a history in the perfume industry, and is considered to have an oriental note to it. Also, it can help relieve arthritis, bronchitis, bruises, chills, colds, flu, colic, congestion, constipation, coughs, cramps, diarrhea, fever, flatulence, hangover, headaches, indigestion, loss of appetite, muscular aches and pains, nausea, poor circulation, rheumatism, sinusitis, sore throat, sprains, toothache, travel sickness, varicose veins, and vomiting. The stimulant action of this oil makes it useful for fatigue and exhaustion. It may be added to a blend to be diffused into the air to act as a deodorizer.

Goat Milk Powder

Goat Milk Powderis a natural emollient that helps soothe and moisturize the skin. It contains vitamins A, B6, B12 and E, and 3 times more beta-casein than cow’s milk. Caseins are easily absorbed into the skin and allow for quick hydration of dry skin. The content of triglycerides, capric, caprylic and caproic acid helps balance the skin’s natural pH and promotes natural exfoliation of dry skin. Goat’s Milk Powder is an excellent ingredient to include in bath, soap, cream and lotion formulations. To make a milk bath, combine Goat’s Milk Powder with other milk powders, honey powder or powdered herbs and essential oils.

Grapefruit Essential Oil

Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) Essential Oil(Citrus paradisi) trees share the nutritional qualities of other citrus species, being high in Vitamin C and a valuable protection against infection illness. With glossy leaves and large yellow fruits, they can grow up to 33 feet tall. Primarily produced in the USA and the West Indies, Grapefruit’s yellow or greenish essential oil is cold pressed and extracted from the fruit’s peel. It has a tangy, citrusy scent and has been used throughout the food and beverage industry. The oil is used in the fragrance industry, and medicinally it has been used as a stimulant and antidepressant. Grapefruit oil is also beneficial for healing acne, oily hair and skin, toning the skin and tissues, cellulite, chills, colds, anxiety, depression, exhaustion, fatigue, gall bladder, hangovers, headaches, jet lag, muscle fatigue, nervous exhaustion, obesity, poor circulation, stiffness, stress, water retention. To help with fatigue, stress, or exhaustion this oil may be diffused into the air, or added to a salve which can be applied to the temples and nape of the neck.

Grapefruit Peel Powder

Citrus paradisi (Grapefruit) Peel(Citrus paradisi) comes from trees that share the nutritional qualities of other citrus species, being high in Vitamin C and a valuable protection against infection illness. With glossy leaves and large yellow fruits, they can grow up to 33 feet tall. Primarily produced in the USA and the West Indies, Grapefruit did not make an appearance on American shores until 1823 when it was brought to Tampa, Florida from the Bahamas. It flourished in the heat, but still was not widely popular until the late 19th century. Greatly used in the fragrance industry, and medicinally it has been used as a stimulant and antidepressant, Grapefruit is also beneficial for healing acne, poor circulation, stiffness, stress, water retention. High in vitamin C, fiber, potassium, iron, and calcium, Grapefruit is considered an excellent antioxidant. When used in body care products, it is said to promote the synthesis of new collagen, improve skin tone, and be an excellent base ingredient in facial masks of all sorts. The peel is often used as a tea, body scrub, in the bath and may also be used to make extracts. Every part of the fruit can be eaten and utilized. Also, studies show that Grapefruit contains bioflavonoids which help protect against cancer and heart disease, and that it may help lower cholesterol.

Green French Clay

French Green Clay(a.k.a. Sea Clay) comes from the sedimentation of Silico-aluminum. Its light green color is the result of the oxides contained in these rocks. Because it contains iron, silica, aluminum, magnesium, calcium, titanium, sodium and potassium, French Green Clay absorbs and removes impurities from the skin and stimulates blood flow to create healthy and glowing skin. When prepared as a mask, the clay dries on the skin causing the pores to tighten and firm the skin, leaving it toned and refreshed. This clay is also used in detoxifying body wraps, soap, face masks, mineral based or cream based cleansers, face or body scrubs, cosmetics and facial powders.

Guava Powder

Psidium Guajava (Guava) Fruit Powder(Psidium Guajava) is native to and grows in the tropical regions of America. Rich in ascorbic acid, Guava’s fruit is now grown around the world and consumed fresh. Its fine, pale yellow powder has been used in many different types of foods as a flavoring agent, such as ice cream, jams, jellies, fruit juices, and baby food. Because Guava is very rich in Vitamin A, B and C, and it helps prevent oxidation of cells, it is revered for its anti-aging properties. It can also be added to hair care products as a natural source of fiber. The recommended usage rate should not exceed 0.5% of the weight of the final product.

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Herbs

HerbsAny of various often aromatic plants used especially in medicine or as seasoning.

 

 

 

Horsetail Powder

Equisetum arvense (Horsetail) Powder(Equisetum arvense), not to be confused with cat-tail, is possibly the most abundant source of silica in the plant kingdom, so much in fact that the herb can be used for polishing metal. It has had other uses during the ages including being used for kidney and bladder ailments, and as an ingredient in shampoos, skincare products, and in dietary supplements. The above-ground parts of the plant are dried, cut, and powdered. A traditional Chinese medicine for dysentery with blood, sore throat, and malaria, modern herbalists usually use it for kidney stones, urinary tract infections, inflamed prostates, and anemia. It is also found in tea, cosmetics, tinctures and encapsulations.

Humectant

A substance used primarily in foods and cosmetic products to help retain moisture. These substances are called hygroscopic, which means that they are able to absorb ambient water. Glycerin is a frequent addition to moisturizing lotions and skin creams. Some humectants used in skin care products are vegetable oil based. Many work well for moisturizing and smoothing the skin. A humectant like mineral oil, however, can actually build up under the skin and prevent the skin from absorbing essential vitamins and nutrients. A number of skin products contain mineral oil, even the more highly priced ones. Consciousness of the deprivation of nutrients to the skin caused by mineral oil has prompted something of a skincare revolution, in which vegetable oils replace the inadvisable mineral oil.

Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein

Hydrolyzed Wheat ProteinHydrolyzed Wheat Protein Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein is a naturally derived, hydrolyzed wheat protein that contains wheat oligosaccharides (carbohydrates) and constitutes a unique hydrating complex offering a combination of moisture-balancing and film-forming properties that work synergistically to give hair better body control and a smoother, softer feel. The word “hydrolyzed” is simply defined as spliting of the chemical compound into smaller units through the process of hydrolysis. Interestingly, because of the low molecular weight of Hydrolyzed Wheat Protein, the hair shaft easily absorbs it.

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Iron Oxides

Iron OxidesCan be natural or organic iron oxides which are flat, and pure organic pigments in several hues. They stand alone as an accent color for any cosmetic or personal care product; also useful to tint the tone of other colors.

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Jojoba Oil

Simmondsia chinensis (Jojoba) Oil(Simmondsia chinensis) Emollient, similar to natural human oil secretions, antioxidant. Technically not an oil, but a wax. Will not turn rancid. Edible, nontoxic, generally nonirritating, makes a superb skin conditioner.

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Lavender Essential Oil

Lavandula angustifolia (Lavender) Essential Oil(Lavandula angustifolia) shrubs can grow to be 3 feet tall and have narrow, linear leaves and beautiful violet-blue flowers. Powerfully aromatic, these plants emit a sweet, floral aroma that was used by the Greeks and Romans as perfume in their bathwater, and burned as incense to appease their wrathful gods. They believed the scent of lavender to be soothing to untamed lions and tigers. Today Lavender oil is primarily produced in Bulgaria, France, and the Ukraine, and has been used a great deal. Colorless essential oil is extracted through steam distillation from the flowering tops and is known for its skin healing properties and its use as a sedative. It helps cure acne, allergies, amenorrhea, asthma, athlete’s foot, bruises, burns, colic, conjunctivitis, cystitis, dandruff, depression, dermatitis, earache, eczema, flatulence, halitosis, headache, hypertension, indigestion, infection, inflammations, insect bites and stings, insomnia, laryngitis, leucorrhea, migraine, nausea, nervous tension, neuralgia, psoriasis, rashes, rheumatism, scars, slow digestion, sore muscles, sprains, stress, sunburn, teething, toothache, ulcers, and wounds. Lavender oil is a good addition to most skin care products. For bug bites and burns the oil is generally safe to apply neat to the affected area.

Lavender Flowers

Lavandula angustifolia (Lavender) Essential Oil(Lavandula angustifolia) grow on shrubs with narrow, linear leaves and beautiful violet-blue flowers. These can be used in ointments, creams, compresses, poultices and liniments. Powerfully aromatic, these plants emit a sweet, floral aroma that was used by the Greeks and Romans as perfume in their bathwater, and burned as incense to appease their wrathful gods. Today, Lavender is commonly used in the cosmetic industry to enhance the aroma of products such as soaps fragrances, potpourri, face and body products. It has been used to help promote a restful sleep and is known to have an uplifting effect on mood. When applied topically as an oil, Lavender’s anti-spasmodic action may also help alleviate muscular aches and pains associated with rheumatism and arthritis.

Lemon Essential Oil

Citrus limonum (Lemon) Essential Oil(Citrus limonum )is a small evergreen tree native to Asia, and the tree’s yellow citrus fruit. The fruit is used for culinary and non-culinary purposes throughout the world, primarily for its juice, though the pulp and rind (zest) are also used in cooking and baking. The juice of the lemon is about 5% to 6% citric acid, which gives lemons a sour taste. The distinctive sour taste of lemon juice makes it a key ingredient in drinks and foods such as lemonade.

Lemon Verbena Powder

Aloysia citriodora (Lemon Verbena) Leaf Powder(Aloysia citriodora) is native to Chile and Peru, but grows quite contentedly in other places. Sometimes called vervain, it is used medicinally and is generally acknowledged to be the most strongly scented and intense of the lemon-scented plants. Because of its powerful, minty-citrus aroma, Lemon verbena is used in making perfumes, flavoring foods, and as a substitute for oregano, particularly in fish and poultry dishes. The fresh or dried leaves and flowering tops are used in tea infusions, to soothe colon and stomach spasms, lower fevers and calm itching. It has a relaxing effect, and can also help ease muscle tensions.

Lemongrass Powder

Cymbopogon flexuosus (Lemongrass) Powder(Cymbopogon flexuosus) is an essential ingredient in Thai and Indonesian cooking, has been cultivated in Southeast Asia and Sri Lanka as a culinary herb, and in India as a medicinal herb for thousands of years. Traditional Brazilian medicine makes great use of Lemongrass as a sedative, an analgesic, and to relieve headaches, muscle cramps, and abdominal pain. As a medicinal herb, Lemongrass is mildly diuretic, promotes the digestion of fats, and acts as a mild insect repellent. Also, it encourages perspiration which cools the body in the summer and lowers fevers any time of year. Lemongrass essential oil is universally used within tea blends and perfumes for its flavor and aroma.

Lemongrass Essential Oil

Cymbopogon flexuosus (Lemongrass) Essential Oil(Cymbopogon flexuosus) comes from a fast-growing, very tall (5ft) perennial grass with a network of roots and rootlets that rapidly exhaust the soil. Extracted by steam distillation from the fresh and partially dried finely chopped leaves, Lemongrass essential oil is used extensively as a fragrance in soaps, detergents, cosmetics, and perfumes. The yellow, amber, or reddish brown essential oil has a fresh, grassy-citrus scent and earthy undertones. Native to Asia, there are two main types of Lemongrass; the West Indian Lemongrass, whose main producers include Guatemala and India, and the East Indian Lemongrass which is now mainly cultivated in western India. It was employed in traditional Indian medicine for infectious illness and fever. Modern research tells us that it also was used as a sedative for the central nervous system, as an insecticide, and for flavoring food and beverages. It also is helpful for ridding the body of acne, athlete’s foot, excessive perspiration, and scabies. It eases muscle pain, poor circulation, headaches, nervous exhaustion, and stress related conditions.

Lime Essential Oil

Citrus aurantifolia (Lime) Essential Oil(Citrus aurantifolia) comes from a small evergreen tree with stiff, sharp spines, ovate leaves, and small white flowers. About the size of a lemon, its pale green fruit is very tart, bitter and sour to the taste. Mainly grown in warm climates such as Mexico, USA, and Italy, Lime peel will produce an essential oil that has many beneficial properties. After the peel has been cold pressed, the essential oil can be used to help cure acne, oily skin, corns, warts, cuts, boils, brittle nails, bronchitis, colds, dyspepsia, fever, flu, infection, asthma, insect bites, anemia, arthritis, liver pain, mouth ulcers, nosebleeds, poor circulation, rheumatism, stomach cramps, and varicose veins. Lime oil can be used in any blend you would add lemon oil to. In folklore Lime oil is believed to cleanse and renew the spirit and mind. The aroma is more tart but still very refreshing.

 

 

Lime Peel Powder

Citrus aurantifolia (Lime) Peel(Citrus aurantifolia) comes from small evergreens with stiff, sharp spines, smooth ovate leaves and little white flowers. The bitter fruit is a pale green color about half the size of a lemon. Primarily grown in Mexico, USA, and Italy, Limes have similar qualities to Lemons. Lime Powder is a natural source of coloring and has a sharp, citrus scent that is cleansing and invigorating. It also helps reduce acne, anemia, arthritis, asthma, boils, brittle nails, bronchitis, colds, corns, cuts, dyspepsia, fever, flu, infection, insect bites, liver pain, mouth ulcers, nosebleeds, oily skin, poor circulation, varicose veins, and warts.

 

 

 

Litsea Cubeba Essential Oil

Litsea cubeba (May Chang) Essential Oil(Litsea cubeba) is a small, tropical tree with fragrant lemongrass-scented leaves and flowers. The small fruits are shaped like peppers, which is where the name ‘cubeba’ derives. Litsea’s pale yellow essential oil is extracted from the fruits by steam distillation. It acts as an antiseptic, deodorant, digestive, disinfectant, insecticidal, and a sedative. It also treats acne, dermatitis, excessive perspiration, and greasy skin. Native to Asia, the root and stem are used in traditional Chinese medicine to treat dysmenorrheal, indigestion, lower back pain, chills, headaches, muscular aches and pains, and travel sickness. Litsea is primarily produced in China, Taiwan, and Japan and is greatly used in the fragrance industry.

Lye

The common term for a caustic alkali used to make soap. The term is fairly general, and can refer to either potassium hydroxide (also known as potash) or to sodium hydroxide (also known as caustic soda).

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Magnesium Stearate

A fine white naturally occurring white alkaline with stearic acid, Simply Earth Mineral Cosmetics uses Magnesium stearate to improve adhesion and slip in our mineral cosmetics. Used in our foundations bronzers and concealers.

Marjoram Essential Oil

Litsea cubeba (May Chang) Essential Oil(Marjorana hortensis) is a tender, bushy perennial plant with dark green oval leaves and small grayish-white clustered flowers. It can grow up to 2 feet tall and is produced primarily in Hungary and Egypt. Majoriam’s essential oil is steam distilled from the flowering plant and can be used as both a culinary and medicinal herb. It is considered a comforting herb, as it soothes digestive, respiratory, nervous complaints. It is beneficial when trying to ease amenorrhea, anxiety, bronchitis, bruises, colds, constipation, coughs, dysmenorrhea, flatulence, headache, head congestion, hypertension, insomnia, leucorrhea, menstrual problems, muscular aches and stiffness, sore throats, strains, and vertigo. For muscle aches and pains, and as a relaxing agent, add marjoram to a massage oil blend. The Greeks referred to this plant as the joy of the mountains and considered it a symbol of happiness.

Mica (Sericite, Pearl)

Your silky, dewy, luminous complexion comes courtesy of this miracle mineral. It’s what gives Simply Earth Mineral Cosmetics its smooth, creamy texture for easy, flawless application.

Myrrh Essential Oil

Commiphora myrrha (Myrrh) Essential Oil(Commiphora myrrha) are small trees or shrubs with knotted branches, trifolate aromatic leaves and white flowers. Largely produced in Somalia, Myrrh’s yellow essential oil is extracted from the gum through steam distillation, and used extensively in the fragrance industry, medicinally to treat wounds, as well as many oral care products. Utilized in Chinese and Ayurvedic medicines, it has been prevalent throughout history. It was used in the mummification process by the Egyptians, and in religious rituals all over the world. Because it has anticatarrhal, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, antiseptic, antispasmodic, antiviral, astringent, carminative, cicatrisant, emmenagogue, expectorant, fungicidal, sedative, stomachic, tonic, uterine, and vulnerary properties, it is used to treat many issues concerning the body. Some of them include amenorrhea, arthritis, asthma, athlete’s foot, bronchitis, catarrh, colds, cough, cracked skin, cuts, diarrhea, dyspepsia, eczema, flatulence, gingivitis, gum infections, hemorrhoids, hyperthyroid, laryngitis, leucorrhea, loss of appetite, mouth ulcers, sore throat, thrush, ulcers, wounds, and wrinkles.

Myrrh Powder

Commiphora myrrha (Myrrh) Resin Powder(Commiphora myrrha) is native to Ethiopia and Somalia, and was used by the Egyptians for embalming, and as an incense burned during cremations and funerals to disguise any foul odors. Myrrh’s smoky, earthy scent has a long history as a favorite among all cultures going back to its first discovery, and has been used traditionally for the treatment for spasms, infections, coughs, colds, failure of menstruation, and chronic fatigue. Today myrrh is used a topical antiseptic for cuts, scrapes, scratches, and abrasions, and as an addition to toothpastes, mouthwashes, and gargles to control infections of the mouth and throat. In Ayurvedic medicine, myrrh is a favorite addition to the rasayanas for rejuvenation and disease prevention.

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Neem Oil

Azadirachta indica (Neem) Oil(Azadirachta indica) has long been used as a traditional Indian folk medicine to fight infection, both bacterial and viral. Incorporated into creams, pastes, and ointment, Neem leaf powder has also proven to be an effective insect repellant and treatment for ringworm. The leaves have antibibacterial and antiviral properties, and are often used in cosmetic and skin treatment preparations to treat skin conditions ranging from acne to eczema.

Nutmeg Essential Oil

Myristica fragrans (Nutmeg) Essential Oil(Myristica fragrans) is a grayish-brown evergreen tree with dense foliage and small, dull-yellow flowers. Native to the Moluccas and nearby islands, it is mainly cultivated in Indonesia and Sri Lanka now. After the seeds have been steam distilled, the very pale yellow or colorless Nutmeg essential oil can be used for many purposes. Because it has antioxidant, antirheumatic, antiseptic, antispasmodic, apertive, aphrodisiac, carminative, laxative, stimulant, and tonic properties it can be used to help arthritis, diarrhea, exhaustion, fever, flatulence, halitosis, indigestion, loss of appetite, muscular aches and pains, nausea, neuralgia, poor circulation, rheumatism, slow circulation, and slow digestion. Only a couple of drops are needed to act as a fixative for a blend of citrus oils. Nutmeg is not for internal use, and should be avoided by pregnant women.

Nutmeg Powder

Myristica fragrans (Nutmeg) Powder(Myristica fragans) comes from a tree native to the Banda Islands. The powder that is produced from the crushed Nutmeg seeds has been used by the natives of the Banda islands for treating the flu, and today is an herbal medicine that is used to relieve or prevent flatulence and break up chest congestion. Mixed with citronella, cloves, ginger, and softened uncooked rice to make an ointment, Nutmeg powder creates a solution that can be a great treatment of rheumatism and other various limb and joint aches. Also, this powder combined with eucalyptus oil, treats diarrhea. Nutmeg essential oil can be rubbed on the abdomen for stomachaches and on the forehead for headaches. It is most popularly added to food in either ground, chopped or powdered form, but may also be consumed in tea or extract.

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Oatmeal

Avena sativa (Oatmeal)The ground grain from an annual grass (Avena sativa). This common oat was first cultivated in Europe and is grown in cool temperate regions. Up to 1 m high, it has a branching cluster of flowers. The grain is used as a livestock feed, especially for horses, and for oatmeal, breakfast cereals, etc. It is used in cosmetics and soaps because of its soothing qualities. Commercial products are available for use in baths to help relieve itchy, irritated skin.

Oats

Avena sativa (Oats)(Avena sativa) have been eaten by humans since prehistoric times. It is said that oats, both straw and tops, are good for chronic anxiety and stress, healthy skin, hair, and nails. The threshed and dried stem and leaf can be used as an additive to soaps, tinctures, teas, and skin care products. Also, the dried or fresh milky tops have been long-entrusted and undoubtedly proven to be soothing on the skin for its silicic acid content.

Olive Oil, Pure

Pure Olive OilOil pressed from the fruit of the olive tree (Olea europaea). It is an evergreen tree native to W Asia but cultivated throughout Mediterranean and subtropical regions for its fruits. Up to 12 m high, it has a gnarled grey trunk and lance-shaped leathery grey-green leaves. Small greenish-white flowers produce fleshy oval berries containing a hard stone. Olive oil is one of the finest edible oils and can be consumed without refining or processing (when it is known as virgin olive oil). It is also used in making soaps, cosmetics, and textiles. Olive wood resists decay and is used for furniture and ornaments. Since olive oil is an excellent moisturizer (because it attracts and holds moisture close to the skin and forms a breathable film to prevent loss of internal moisture) it is widely used in cosmetics. It has been used alone as a cleansing agent in place of soap. When used to make soap, the bars produced have a slow, stingy lather, but the soap is mild and cleans well. Traditionally “Castile” soap was made using only olive oil, but the term has loosened now to include soaps that have olive oil as one of the oils in them.

PHCH Products made with Olive Oil: Natural Soap BarHandmade Soap Bars and Deodorants.

Orange Essential Oil (Sweet)

Citrus sinensis (Sweet Orange) Essential Oil(Citrus sinensis) comes from an evergreen tree with dark, glossy leaves and fragrant white flowers. The dark brown or orange essential oil that is cold pressed from the fruit peel has been used as a perfume for centuries. It has many uses such as calming asthma, colds, cough, depression, flatulence, hypertension, indigestion, infections, insomnia, muscle aches and pains, stress, tension, and wounds. To use this oil for its uplifting properties it may be added to a bath (hand, foot, or whole), or diffused into the air. Sweet orange oil contains about 90% limonene, which is in many household cleaners. Because of this sweet orange oil is used as an earth friendly alternative to many common household cleaners.

Orange Peel Powder

Citrus sinensis (Sweet Orange) Peel Powder(Citrus sinensis) is an evergreen tree with dark, glossy leaves and fragrant white flowers that is grown mainly in Florida, California and parts of the Mediterranean. The peels, having been used in traditional Chinese medicine and teas for centuries, have a little known fact; they contain substantially more enzymes, flavonoids, and phyto-nutrients than the actual fruit. The peel and its three main sections (the flavedo, albedo, and oil sacs) hold all the essential components including vitamin C, vitamin B1, choline, folic acid, and numerous other vitamins and minerals. Acting as an anti-inflammatory, anti-bacterial and anti-microbial agent, Orange peel powder has been used as a fizzy flavor to drinks, incorporated into many cosmetics, jams, jellies, stir-fry dishes and many other culinary creations.

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Palm Oil

Palm OilOil from the fruit of a palm tree, (Elaeis guineensis), native to tropical West Africa and cultivated in Africa, Indonesia, Malaysia, and tropical America as the source of palm oil. Growing to a height of 15 m, the palms produce fleshy fruits, 3 cm long, containing a white kernel within a hard black shell. Palm oil is extracted from the pulp and kernel and used in making soaps, margarine, lubricants, etc. When used in soaps, palm oil creates a hard, long lasting bar of soap that is mild and cleanses well. Palm oil has similar characteristics to tallow in soaps, and has been used in soap-making since about 1850 when the quantity of available tallow was insufficient to meet the demand for soap.

PHCH Products made with Palm Oil: Natural Soap Bars and Handmade Soap Bars.

Palmarosa Essential Oil

Cymbopogon martini (Palmarosa) Essential Oil(Cymbopogon martini) is a wild-growing herbaceous plant with long, slender stems, flowering tops, and very fragrant grassy leaves. Native to India and Pakistan, it is now grown in Africa, Indonesia, India, and Brazil. This yellow or olive colored essential oil is extracted from the fresh or dried grass through steam or water distillation. It acts as an antibacterial, antifungal, antiseptic, antiviral, digestive, nervine, and stimulant. Primarily used in the fragrance industry, Palmarosa essential oil is also used to heal acne, eczema, dermatitis, wrinkles, bronchitis, digestive upsets, infections, insect repellant, scar tissue, fatigue, and stress. In a blend, Palmarosa may used as an aroma alternative to rose or geranium oils.

Panthenol

Panthenol (Pro Vitamin B5)Panthenol (Pro Vitamin B5) is pantothenic acid, the amide of beta-alanine and pantoic acid,and a B complex vitamin acting as a precursor in the biosynthesis of coenzyme A, involved in the metabolism as an antioxidant to breakdown many biochemical substances (fatty acids, steroids, phospholipids, heme, amino acids, and carbohydrates). The human body readily absorbs Panthenol through the skin and it rapidly converts Panthenol to pantothenic acid (Vitamin B5), a natural constituent of healthy hair and a substance present in all living cells. Panthenol is absorbed into hair and skin to enhance thickening and moisturization effects and to stimulate healing of the lesions of various dermatologic lesions.

Studies have shown that Panthenol promotes stimulation of epithelization, granulation, mitigation of itching and has an anti-inflammatory effect. When used in formulations over the course of three to four weeks, it has the potential to improve the appearance of the skin, including dryness, roughness, scaling, pruritus and erythema. Further, its moisturizing properties improve stratum corneum hydration, reducing transepidermal water loss and maintaining skin elasticity and softness.

Paprika Powder

Capsicum annuum (Paprika) Powder(Capsicum annuum) is native to South America and is most commonly known and used as a culinary herb and for its similar medicinal properties to red pepper. High in vitamin C and carotenids, Paprika is a healthy addition to the diet when eaten fresh. Dried, ground and typically applied to food, its spiciness varies depending on the proportion of seed, rind and fruit in the ground powder. Other varieties including smoked or roasted Paprika have been developed which add nicely rounded and mildly smoked flavors to culinary creations.

Patchouli Essential Oil

Pogostemon cablin (Patchouli) Essential Oil(Pogostemon cablin) comes from a bushy perennial herb with a sturdy, hairy stem primarily grown in Sri Lanka, India, and China. Its large fragrant leaves and white flowers emit a musky and spicy aroma that is largely used in perfumes. The leaves are steam distilled and their essential oil has a number of uses. It has been helpful for acne, dermatitis, dry skin, eczema, burns, oily hair and skin, open pores, uterine tonic, wounds, wrinkles allergies, constipation, dandruff, depression, edema, indigestion, infections, insect repellant and bites, nervous exhaustion and stress related conditions. It can be added to skin and hair care products. Patchouli oil is known to improve with age. This is why it is found in many different colors and aroma profiles on the market.

Patchouli Leaf Powder

Pogostemon cablin (Patchouli) Leaf Powder(Pogostemon cablin) is made from a furry-leafed shrub that grows to about four feet in its native Malaysia, but it is also grown as houseplants throughout the world. The scent has a reputation as an aphrodisiac, and is said to attract the opposite sex. It’s slightly musty, pungent smell is unmistakable and pervasive, and it was often used as a fixative for other scents, or to mask more objectionable scents. Most are familiar with its scent and its uses in aromatherapy, but not with the wide range of conditions it may help. There is little conclusive research to support the use of Patchouli in medicinal preparations, but its properties are well known. Over the centuries, Patchouli leaf powder has had numerous medicinal uses. The fresh leaves can help aid healing in burns, and in aromatherapy, it is used to calm nerves and relieve depression. It has also been helpful for acne, dermatitis, dry skin, eczema, burns, oily hair and skin, open pores, uterine tonic, wounds, wrinkles allergies, constipation, dandruff, edema, indigestion, infections, nervous exhaustion and stress related conditions. It can be added to skin and hair care products. In addition to its medicinal and perfumery uses, Patchouli also repels insects, and is often used in the east to scent bed linens and keep fleas and other pests at bay.

Peppermint Essential Oil

Mentha piperita (Peppermint) Essential Oil(Mentha piperita) plants have been cultivated since ancient times in China and Japan. This perennial herb has easily propagated underground runners, green stems and leaves, and can grow up to 3 feet tall. The pale yellow or greenish essential oil that it produces is extracted through steam distillation from the flowering herb. There are several different strains or chemotypes of Peppermint and numerous other species of mint, but they all have some common characteristics. They are all helpful for healing acne, dermatitis, ringworm, scabies, and toothaches. They can soothe muscle pains and resolve digestive and respiratory issues. They can help the body quickly recover from colds, fevers, and the flu, as well as calm the nervous system which will reduce mental fatigue, fainting, headaches, migraines, nervous stress, and vertigo. Peppermint oil has also been used as a fragrance component for soaps, perfumes, detergents, and other cosmetics.

Peppermint Leaves

Mentha piperita (Peppermint) Leaves(Mentha piperita) plants have been cultivated since ancient times in China and Japan. Originally cultivated in the United States, Peppermint is one of the most popular herbs. Although its traditional use was an additive to tea to improve digestion, Peppermint is also helpful for treating headaches. It can also help the body recover quickly from colds, fevers, and the flu, as well as calm the nervous system which will reduce mental fatigue, fainting, migraines, nervous stress, and vertigo. Also, Peppermint essential oil has also been used as a fragrance component for soaps, perfumes, detergents, and other cosmetics. Dried or fresh leaves and the essential oil has most commonly been employed as a flavoring agent in tea, toothpaste, dental creams, mouthwash, cough candies, chewing gum, and baked goods.

Petitgrain Essential Oil

Citrus aurantium (Petitgrain) Essential Oil(Citrus aurantium) was first extracted from the small green unripe oranges, but now it is also steam distilled from the leaves and twigs of the Petitgrain plant. Native to China and north-east India, the best quality Petitgrain oils come from France, North Africa, Paraguay, and Haiti from semi-wild trees. This pale yellow essential oil can also be used to treat anxiety, depression, dyspepsia, excessive perspiration, flatulence, indigestion, insomnia, nervous exhaustion and stress-related conditions, acne, and oily hair. Petitgrain is a pleasant addition to skin and hair care products, both as a fragrance and for its antiseptic properties.

Pink Kaolin Clay

(Kaolinite) is the clay most commonly used for normal skin types. Milder than red clay, this pink cosmetic clay has the ability to absorb dirt, oil and bacteria from your pores. Pink Kaolin Clay is a gentle clay, and it helps stimulate circulation to the skin while gently exfoliating and cleansing it. Pink Kaolin Clay does not draw oils from the skin and can therefore be used on dry skin types. Pink Kaolin Clay can be used in body powders, soaps, facial masks, body powders, and milk baths. To use, simply add warm distilled water to form a soft paste, apply to the face, avoiding the eye area. Allow to set and wash off with warm water. It’s very simple and very effective!

Potassium Hydroxide

Also called potash. Originally derived by filtering water through hardwood ashes, potassium hydroxide is used as the caustic alkali in soft and liquid soaps.

Pumice Powder

Amorphous aluminum silicate (Pumice) Powder(Amorphous aluminum silicate) is volcanic ash which is formed when lava is permeated with gas bubbles during the solidification process. Insoluble in water and oil, this tan powder is primarily produced in the United States. Because it is the softest abrasive media in use today, Pumice powder is often added to exfoliants, mechanic’s soap, foot scrubs, toothpaste, and household cleaners to help scrub away foreign substances, dead skin or plaque. Also, Pumice powder is absorbent. It can be sprinkled on spills of oil, tar or other residues to absorb them.

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Rose Petal Powder

Rosa damascene (Rose) Petal Powder(Rosa damascene) is a fragrant astringent powder used in body powders, facials, salt scrubs, milk baths, and soap. Rose Petal Powder adds a nice relaxing aroma to body wrap blends. It can vary in color ranging from dusty rose to beige to dark brown, but does not remain red after the roses are dried.

Rosebuds

Rosa damascene (Rose) Buds(Rosa damascene) come from the always beautiful rose plants which have been valued for their beauty and perfume for thousands of years. The American Botanical Council reports that Rose petals have sedative, antiseptic, antiparasitic, anti-inflammatory, laxative, cholesterol-lowering, and heart-supportive properties. An ointment called “Rosalin” was tested and showed benefits for cancer patients receiving radiation therapy. Rose oil, rose water, and ointments have numerous uses and can be administered as a tea, poultice, bath herb, pillow mix, body spray, etc.

Rosemary Essential Oil

Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) Essential Oil(Rosmarinus officinalis) comes from one of the earliest plants used for food, medicine, and magic. Native to the Mediterranean area but now commonly grown in California, Russia, the Middle East and others, this shrubby evergreen bush with silvery-green, needle shaped leaves and pale blue flowers can grow up to 6 feet tall. This whole plant is strongly aromatic and can be used for a wide range of complaints including respiratory and circulatory disorders such as asthma, bronchitis, and whooping cough, arteriosclerosis, fluid retention, gout, muscular pain, palpitations, poor circulation, and rheumatism. It also reduces liver congestion, digestive and nervous complaints, and strengthens the immune system. This colorless or pale yellow essential oil is steam distilled from the fresh, flowering tops of the Rosemary plant, and has also been used to improve skin issues. It is beneficial for acne, dandruff, dermatitis, eczema, greasy hair, insect repellent, lice, scabies, and varicose veins. Rosemary oil has also been added to soaps, detergents, cosmetics, household sprays, and perfumes as a masking agent. It should not be used by epileptics or pregnant women.

Rosemary Powder

Rosmarinus officinalis (Rosemary) Essential Oil(Rosmarinus officinalis) is made from the dried leaves of the plant, and has many medicinal benefits. It is added to teas and tinctures; however it is most popularly used in cooking. An antioxidant, antiseptic, and antispasmodic, Rosemary is a key herb in European herbal medicine. For centuries, Rosemary has been used to treat arthritis, baldness, headaches, stomach upset, pains, strains, cuts, scrapes, and bruises. Contemporary scientific research suggests that it may also be useful for Alzheimer’s disease and cancer. When the leaves are finely chopped, Rosemary powder or essential oil can be added to bath water which helps stimulate blood circulation and clear up eczema.

Rosewood (Ho Wood) Essential Oil

Cinnamomum camphora (Ho Wood) Essential Oil(Cinnamomum camphora)is a very mild essential oil that can be used by most people. Ho Wood Essential Oil has recently been used as a replacement for Rosewood Essential Oil because of their similar chemical properties. It has many similar applications and is considered both stimulating and relaxing to the mind. Ho Wood is also recognized to contain properties rendering it to be classified as and anticonvulsant, antidepressant, antimicrobial, antiseptic, aphrodisiac, bactericidal, cellular stimulant, cephalic, deodorant, stimulant (immune system), tissue regenerator, and tonic. It aids in helping acne, dermatitis, scars, wounds, wrinkles, oily or dry skin, and sensitive skin. It helps with colds, coughs, fever, infections, and it stimulates the immune system. This amazing oil also relieves headaches, nausea, nervous tension and stress.

Rosehip Powder

Rosa canina (Rosehips) Powder(Rosa canina) is taken from the either shelled or powdered Rosehip fruit, and is the most concentrated sources of vitamin C available, which has led to Rosehips being included in many common cold preventives and remedies. In addition to C, Rosehips also contain vitamins A, D, E, and flavonoids which may reduce the effects of aging and help prevent cancer. Also, it has a high concentration of iron, and can be used as a natural supplement for menstruating women. All this is wrapped up in the tart-sweet taste of the miniature fruits. They can be used to make jelly, jam, soup or oil, and is most commonly found in tea and liquors.

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Sandalwood Bark

Pterrocarpus santalinum (Sandalwood) Bark Powder(Pterrocarpus santalinum) is from the exotic evergreen Sandal Tree that grows only in the southern areas of India, and parts of Australia. When the heartwood of the Sandal tree is grounded down, it produces a fine powder which can also be steam-distilled into an essential oil. This Sandalwood powder exudes a very subtle, exotic scent that is said to clarify the mind and helps to awaken intelligence. It is a perfect addition to lotion, balms, shaving cream or soap for cleansing, calming and hydrating sensitive or aging skin. When used externally, Sandalwood paste (made from mixing water with Sandalwood powder) has a calming, cooling effect on body and mind. While soothing stress and uplifting one’s mood, it helps relieve fever and burns, insect bites, and can be used to heal skin diseases such as infectious sores, ulcers, acne and rashes.

Scotch Pine Essential Oil

Pinus sylvestris (Scotch Pine) Essential Oil(Pinus sylvestris) is a tall evergreen tree with reddish-brown, deeply fissured bark, stiff needles that grow in pairs, and pointed, brown cones. They can grow up to 131 feet tall and were used by Native Americans to prevent scurvy and repel lice and fleas by stuffing them in mattresses. The colorless pine oil is extracted from the needles by steam distillation. Native to Eurasia and cultivated in the eastern USA, Bulgaria, and Hungary, Pine oil’s traditional uses were to treat colds and congestion. This colorless oil is helpful for treating arthritis, asthma, bronchitis, candida, catarrh, colds, coughs, sore throat, cuts, scabies, sores, cellulite, cystitis, exhaustion, fatigue, fever, fluid retention, infection, lice, muscular aches and pains, nervous exhaustion and stress related conditions, neuralgia, poor circulation, rheumatism, and sinusitis. During the cold season pine oil can be added to a diffuser to help purify the air. In addition, it may be added to an inhalation or bath to recover from colds. Pregnant or breast-feeding women should avoid Pine oil because it may cause skin irritation.

Shea Butter

Shea Butter(Butyrospermum Parkii) Also known as African karite butter; A solid vegetable fat obtained from a West African tree, Vitellaria paradoxa, bearing nuts containing a large amount of fat. It is highly emollient. Traditional uses of shea butter include: treating dry skin, blemishes, skin discoloration, scars and wrinkles.

PHCH Products made with Shea Butter: Natural Soap Bars, Handmade Soap BarsLip Butters, Deodorants and Lotion Bars.

 

 

Silk Peptides

Silk PeptidesSilk Peptides are a purified, natural silk protein in a fine powder form. Silk Peptides have large a molecular structure which gives them very similar properties to silk fiber. Silk Peptides are an excellent moisture delivery system which also provides hair and skin protection due to its molecular mesh structure which makes it a terrific ingredient for severely dry hair and skin.

 

 

Sodium Bicarbonate

Sodium Bicarbonate(Baking Soda)(Baking soda) a white crystalline powder. Soothing, water softening, effervescent, deodorizing, stimulating. Draws oils and impurities from the skin.

 

 

 

Sodium Hydroxide

A caustic alkali used in making hard soaps. It is now produced by processing salt water but was earlier obtained from the ashes of a particular kind of seaweed.

Spearmint Essential Oil

Mentha spicata (Spearmint) Essential Oil(Mentha spicata) is taken from a hardy, perennial herb with quickly spreading underground roots and bright green, lance-shaped leaves. Extracted by steam distillation from the flowering tops, Spearmint oil has similar properties to Peppermint oil, but its effects are less powerful and better suited for children. There are several different types of Spearmint, especially in the USA. Native to the Mediterranean region, this herb is now common throughout Europe, western Asia, the Middle East, and the USA where it is used primarily for flavoring toothpaste, chewing gum, alcoholic and soft drinks. Valued all over the world as a culinary herb, there are many other uses for Spearmint essential oil. The ancient Greeks added Spearmint oil to bathwater for therapeutic purposes. The distilled water was used to relive hiccough, colic, nausea, flatulence, and indigestion. The oil is also helpful for skin problems such as acne, dermatitis, and congested skin; the respiratory system such as asthma, bronchitis, catarrhal conditions, and sinusitis; and the immune system such as colds, fevers and the flu. When applied directly to the forehead and temples, this pale yellow colored oil has a very calming effect on the head. It helps reduce the feelings of fatigue, headaches, migraines, nervous strain, neurasthenia, and stress.

Spearmint Leaf Powder

Mentha spicata (Spearmint) Leaf Powder(Mentha spicata) is made from a hardy, perennial herb with quickly spreading underground roots and bright green, lance-shaped leaves that has served as an important medicinal herb for millennia. Beginning in about the fourteenth century, spearmint was used for whitening teeth, and its distilled oil is still used to flavor toothpaste, chewing gum, and tea. The dried or cut leaves can be added to other herbal mixtures for flavor, and is a digestive remedy. It relieves gas and indigestion, is anti-inflammatory, and stops gastrointestinal spasms. It may also be helpful in reducing fevers and easing respiratory problems and chronic bronchitis. In aromatherapy, inhaling the essential oil can help relieve stress and lift the mood. In Ayurvedic medicine spearmint is considered a cold, pungent herb that increases mental alertness and is more effective than peppermint in relieving stress.

Spices

Any of several vegetable substances, such as clove, cinnamon, nutmeg, pepper, etc., used to season food: spices are usually dried for use and have distinctive flavors and aromas.

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Tea Tree

Melaleuca alternifolia (Tea Tree) Essential Oil(Melaleuca alternifolia)is a small shrub with purple flowers and needle-like leaves similar to cypress. The pale yellowy green essential oil that is steam distilled from the leaves and twigs of the tea tree plant has a warm, spicy aroma. Primarily grown in Australia and Kenya, Tea Tree oil is widely known for its healing properties for the skin. It is used for anything from bug bites to sunburns. It is very beneficial when used to heal an abscess, acne, asthma, blisters, bronchitis, burns, candida, catarrh, chicken pox, cold sores, colds, coughs, cystitis, dandruff, ear and nose infections, fever, flu, fungal infections, herpes, immune system deficiencies, infectious illnesses, insect bites, oily skin, respiratory problems, sinusitis, skin rashes, thrush, tooth and gum infections, vaginal infections, viral infections, warts, whooping cough, other wounds. Tea tree makes a great addition to most skin care products. A simple way to use it is adding the oil to aloe vera gel. It may cause skin irritation and is not for internal use.

Titanium Dioxide

A natural, full, broad-spectrum sun protector (providing both UVA and UVB protection), its powder form allows for no absorbency, which means it acts as a physical barrier between your skin and the sun. All of our Foundations are SPF 15.

Thyme Essential Oil

Thymus vulgaris (Thyme) Essential Oil(Thymus vulgaris) is an evergreen perennial shrub that grows up to 45 cm (18 inches) in height. It has a woody root system, a multi-branched stem, small elliptical greenish gray aromatic leaves and pale purple or white flowers. Thyme is derived from the Greek word ‘thymos’ that means ‘perfume’.

Turmeric Root Powder

Curcuma longa (Turmeric) Powder(Curcuma longa) comes from a small perennial plant in the same family as ginger, is native to India, and is cultivated throughout the tropics around the world. Most Chinese herbal traditions use Turmeric to “invigorate the blood”, and was reserved for patients who were relatively weak. The dried or ground rhizome can be used in teas, tinctures, and poultices. As the main anti-inflammatory herb of Ayurvedic medicine, Turmeric has been used to treat diseases of the liver and to relieve inflammation. Laboratory tests have found that Turmeric is antioxidant and antimutagenic which could potentially help prevent new cancers that are caused by chemotherapy or radiation used to treat existing cancers. When added to a diet, Turmeric increases the production of enzymes that digest fats and sugars, stops cholesterol from forming gallstones, and may also help prevent the pain of arthritis, bursitis, and tendonitis.

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Vanilla Essential Oil

Vanilla planifolia (Vanilla) Essential Oil(Vanilla planifolia) is a perennial climbing vine with green stems and large white flowers that have a deep narrow trumpet. They can climb and grow to be 82 feet high. Their green capsules or fruits are ready to pick after eight or nine months on the plant, and then have to be ‘cured’. A dark brown resinoid (often called an oleoresin) by solvent extraction is produced from the ‘cured’ vanilla beans. It is native to Central America and Mexico, but is mainly cultivated in Madagascar, Mexico, Tahiti and others. It pods are often processed in Europe or the USA. Vanilla is primarily used as a flavoring agent in tobacco, ice cream, yogurt, and chocolate, as well as a fragrance ingredient in perfumes.

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White Kaolin Clay

White China (Kaolin) Clay(white dirt as it is called in the South) is found in virtually all powdered and dry cosmetics and most wet cosmetics. The clay’s mildly drying and disinfectant properties help heal existing blemishes and inflammations, while preventing new ones from forming. High in calcium, silica, zinc and magnesium, which are beneficial for oily, blemished skin, Kaolin Clay has naturally adsorbent properties which make it essential in hygiene products such as soaps, scrubs, poultices, deodorants, facial powders and masks. Because it is the mildest of all clays and is suitable to add to products created for people with sensitive skin, White Kaolin Clay can be used on dry skin types without negative results. Rejuvenating and exfoliating to the skin, this clay stimulates blood circulation to the skin and removes debris from the pores to give it a smooth, healthy glow.

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Xylitol

XylitolDaily use of xylitol in oral care has been shown to be remarkably effective at cavity prevention. Xylitol’s five-carbon structure keeps it from being metabolized by bacteria which prvents the production of tooth-decay causing acid. By using xylitol teeth cleaning products, bacteria is prevented from creating the acids that damage the teeth. As well, Xylitol use prevents plaque from gaining hold on dental surfaces. Therefore, it protects the mouth between brushing and flossing for both adults and children. Xylitol has been shown to enhance the remineralization of teeth, particularly in small decay spots just developing in the tooth enamel. Bacteria are unable to produce acid in the presence of xylitol and as a result the plaque pH does not decrease. The stable pH prevents demineralization, and hardens the lining of the cavities making untreated cavities less sensitive. This was clearly demonstrated in the study done in Belize on school children. In a 1980’s double blind study, 1,277 school children chewed gum several times a day. Some were given ordinary gum sweetened with sucrose; others were given gum sweetened with xylitol. After 40 months of gum chewing (including weekends, holidays, and vacations) the xylitol group experience 73% fewer caries, and an increase of 120% of caries in the sucrose group. Xylitol’s naturally cooling and sweet tastes also increase salivary flow, which optimizes the pH level in the mouth further promoting dental health. Research has confirmed and expanded on earlier findings, Xylitol is a terrific teeth cleaning ingredient.

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Ylang Ylang

Cananga Odorata (Ylang Ylang) Essential Oil(Cananga odorata) is a tall tropical tree with large, tender, fragrant flowers that can be pink, mauve, or yellow. The yellow flowers are considered best for the extraction of essential oil which is done by water or steam distillation from these flowers. Ylang ylang essential oil is pale yellow and has very sweet, floral, slightly spicy scent. It acts as an antidepressant, antiseptic, a regulator, a sedative (nervous), and a stimulant (circulatory). It is beneficial for hair growth, insect bites, acne, high blood pressure, depression, insomnia, nervous tension and stress- related disorders. It is extensively used as a fragrance component and fixatives in soaps, cosmetics, and perfumes. It has also been used as a flavor ingredient, mainly in alcoholic and soft drinks, fruit flavors, and desserts.

Yogurt Powder

Yogurt Powderis often used in milk baths, facials, body scrubs, soaps and other skin care products because it soothes, softens and rejuvenates the skin. Because it acts similarly to milk, Yogurt powder can be blended with other milk powders and grated cocoa butter for a luxurious bath blend. Yogurt aromatherapy bath blends are becoming increasingly popular in Europe and are easy to make. For a traditional Balinese facial: blend Yogurt powder, honey, milk, rice bran, clay and herbs with heavy cream, and add a few drops of Rosehip Seed Oil.

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Zinc Oxide

Also a natural, full, broad-spectrum sun protector, it too acts as a physical barrier between your skin and the sun. Additionally, zinc oxide’s healing property helps to calm and soothe skin irritations, such as acne and rosacea.

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